Nov 09

Motivation: Austausch und Handelsbeziehungen müssen nicht über einen monetären Faktor laufen.

 

Geld und der Glaube an Geld sind eine globale Bremse für Innovation, Bildung, Zufriedenheit und Austauschbeziehungen.

Internationale Handelsbeziehungen können über individuelle Präferenzstrukturen ermöglicht werden. Diese sind in der Lage, das Nash Optimum zu ermöglichen.

 

Artikel über Initiierungsphase und Spieltheorie (Game Theory)

A Global Trading System based on Trust and self balancing

 

http://hixgrid.de/blog/view/67857/a-global-trading-system-based-on-trust-and-self-balancing

 


————————————–

 

Waren  => Zuordnung individuelle Präferenzstrukturen (pers. /Corporate /National /Supranational)

 

 

Hersteller    <=>   Ware x /Dienstl/Fragment     ALGO       Ware Y  <=> Endkonsument 

Retailer

Nash Equilibrium

/\

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\/

Fractal Maths

 

Fraktale Datenspeicherung

Hochverteilte Systeme

Space RZ  / Earth Link RZ

 

Fraktale Datenhaltung und Kapselung

Fraktale Datenstrukturen

 

Übergangsphase: floaten, offene Preisstruktur, Preisfloaten

 

Umstellung der Währungen auf Punkte als Tauschbeziehung, Wegfall Devisenrisiko

 

Shares /Stocks decoupling durch Phasenkristall Modell

Diskretionäre infinitesimale Übergänge

Geldschöpfung soll langfristig entfallen

 

Globale Handelsbeziehungen durch Präferenzstrukturen

Punkte werden von Tauscheinheiten zu reinen Präferenzbeziehungen umgewandelt

 

Individuelle (Kristalline) Präferenzstrukturen

Umsetzung des Nash Gleichgewichtes (Nash Equilibrium)

 

Testphasen durch begrenzte Ereignisräume

Ereignisraum in realer und virtueller Welt

Aufbau einer Testwelt

Verteilte fraktale Welt

Offene Systeme

 

Testprodukte: ideal wären individuelle Produkte über 3D Printing und

Condensed Matter Physics

„>

oder: „Strohhalme“

alte Software /Datenfragmente

 

Entwicklersprache: ?

Datenfraktale => Technologie?

 

Netzwerke (physisch/Protokolle) ?

Backbones/Infrastruktur?

Crypto für Kernels und Datafractals ?

 

Datenfraktale nutzen Redundanzen und Kompatibilität /Prinzip des

Minimalen Datensatzes der in einem Fractal Framework universell einsetzbar, ersetzbar und

Anpassbar ist, Minimierung des Traffic/Load/Datenaufkommens/Speicherbedarf

Emergenzprinzip der Fraktale

 

Beseitigung und Nutzung von Redundanzen (Speicher/Wiederherstellung aus Minimalinformation, ähnlich zu Reed Solomon)

 

Nutzer/Konsument    <->    Datenstruktur   <->         Präferenz

 

Datenbeziehungen von linear und Boyce Codd (Entity Relationship) über NoSQL zu Holokristallen

 

N   : 1

1: n

 

N : M

 

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\/

 

Präferenzstruktur                :             Matches

 

1 – (m- ( n – (n-1))                         :      m- (n-1)

 

 

Further Reading: A Global Trading System based on Trust and self balancing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Sep 18

Reprint

 

The following open letter by a PhD Immunologist completely demolishes the current California legislative initiative to remove all vaccine exemptions. That such a draconian and cynical state statute is under consideration in the ‘Golden State’ is as shocking as it is predictable. After all, it was mysteriously written and submitted shortly after the manufactured-in-Disneyland measles ‘outbreak’.

The indisputable science that is employed by Tetyana Obukhanych, PhD ought to be read by every CA legislator who is entertaining an affirmative vote for SB277. Dr. Obukhanych skillfully deconstructs the many false and fabricated arguments that are advanced by Big Pharma and the U.S Federal Government as they attempt to implement a nationwide Super-Vaccination agenda.


When the California Senate refuses to consider authoritative scientific evidence which categorically proves the dangerous vaccine side effects on the schoolchildren, something is very wrong. Such conduct by the Senate constitutes criminal action that endangers the lives and welfare of children. Their official behavior must be acknowledged for what it is — CRIMINAL — and prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law.

An Open Letter to Legislators Currently Considering Vaccine Legislation from Tetyana Obukhanych, PhD in Immunology

Re: VACCINE LEGISLATION

Dear Legislator:

My name is Tetyana Obukhanych. I hold a PhD in Immunology. I am writing this letter in the hope that it will correct several common misperceptions about vaccines in order to help you formulate a fair and balanced understanding that is supported by accepted vaccine theory and new scientific findings.

Do unvaccinated children pose a higher threat to the public than the vaccinated?

It is often stated that those who choose not to vaccinate their children for reasons of conscience endanger the rest of the public, and this is the rationale behind most of the legislation to end vaccine exemptions currently being considered by federal and state legislators country-wide. You should be aware that the nature of protection afforded by many modern vaccines – and that includes most of the vaccines recommended by the CDC for children – is not consistent with such a statement. I have outlined below the recommended vaccines that cannot prevent transmission of disease either because they are not designed to prevent the transmission of infection (rather, they are intended to prevent disease symptoms), or because they are for non-communicable diseases. People who have not received the vaccines mentioned below pose no higher threat to the general public than those who have, implying that discrimination against non-immunized children in a public school setting may not be warranted.

IPV (inactivated poliovirus vaccine) cannot prevent transmission of poliovirus (see appendix for the scientific study, Item #1). Wild poliovirus has been non-existent in the USA for at least two decades. Even if wild poliovirus were to be re-imported by travel, vaccinating for polio with IPV cannot affect the safety of public spaces. Please note that wild poliovirus eradication is attributed to the use of a different vaccine, OPV or oral poliovirus vaccine. Despite being capable of preventing wild poliovirus transmission, use of OPV was phased out long ago in the USA and replaced with IPV due to safety concerns.

 

Polio Chart

 

Tetanus is not a contagious disease, but rather acquired from deep-puncture wounds contaminated with C. tetani spores. Vaccinating for tetanus (via the DTaP combination vaccine) cannot alter the safety of public spaces; it is intended to render personal protection only.

 

While intended to prevent the disease-causing effects of the diphtheria toxin, the diphtheria toxoid vaccine (also contained in the DTaP vaccine) is not designed to prevent colonization and transmission of C. diphtheriae. Vaccinating for diphtheria cannot alter the safety of public spaces; it is likewise intended for personal protection only.

The acellular pertussis (aP) vaccine (the final element of the DTaP combined vaccine), now in use in the USA, replaced the whole cell pertussis vaccine in the late 1990s, which was followed by an unprecedented resurgence of whooping cough. An experiment with deliberate pertussis infection in primates revealed that the aP vaccine is not capable of preventing colonization and transmission of B. pertussis (see appendix for the scientific study, Item #2). The FDA has issued a warning regarding this crucial finding.[1]

 

Furthermore, the 2013 meeting of the Board of Scientific Counselors at the CDC revealed additional alarming data that pertussis variants (PRN-negative strains) currently circulating in the USA acquired a selective advantage to infect those who are up-to-date for their DTaP boosters (see appendix for the CDC document, Item #3), meaning that people who are up-to-date are more likely to be infected, and thus contagious, than people who are not vaccinated.

 

Among numerous types of H. influenzae, the Hib vaccine covers only type b. Despite its sole intention to reduce symptomatic and asymptomatic (disease-less) Hib carriage, the introduction of the Hib vaccine has inadvertently shifted strain dominance towards other types of H. influenzae (types a through f).These types have been causing invasive disease of high severity and increasing incidence in adults in the era of Hib vaccination of children (see appendix for the scientific study, Item #4). The general population is more vulnerable to the invasive disease now than it was prior to the start of the Hib vaccination campaign. Discriminating against children who are not vaccinated for Hib does not make any scientific sense in the era of non-type b H. influenzae disease.

Hepatitis B is a blood-borne virus. It does not spread in a community setting, especially among children who are unlikely to engage in high-risk behaviors, such as needle sharing or sex. Vaccinating children for hepatitis B cannot significantly alter the safety of public spaces. Further, school admission is not prohibited for children who are chronic hepatitis B carriers. To prohibit school admission for those who are simply unvaccinated – and do not even carry hepatitis B – would constitute unreasonable and illogical discrimination.

 

In summary, a person who is not vaccinated with IPV, DTaP, HepB, and Hib vaccines due to reasons of conscience poses no extra danger to the public than a person who is. No discrimination is warranted.

How often do serious vaccine adverse events happen?

It is often stated that vaccination rarely leads to serious adverse events. Unfortunately, this statement is not supported by science. A recent study done in Ontario, Canada, established that vaccination actually leads to an emergency room visit for 1 in 168 children following their 12-month vaccination appointment and for 1 in 730 children following their 18-month vaccination appointment (see appendix for a scientific study, Item #5).

When the risk of an adverse event requiring an ER visit after well-baby vaccinations is demonstrably so high, vaccination must remain a choice for parents, who may understandably be unwilling to assume this immediate risk in order to protect their children from diseases that are generally considered mild or that their children may never be exposed to.

Can discrimination against families who oppose vaccines for reasons of conscience prevent future disease outbreaks of communicable viral diseases, such as measles?

Measles research scientists have for a long time been aware of the “measles paradox.” I quote from the article by Poland & Jacobson (1994) “Failure to Reach the Goal of Measles Elimination: Apparent Paradox of Measles Infections in Immunized Persons.” Arch Intern Med 154:1815-1820:

“THE APPARENT PARADOX IS THAT AS MEASLES IMMUNIZATION RATES RISE TO HIGH LEVELS IN A POPULATION, MEASLES BECOMES A DISEASE OF IMMUNIZED PERSONS.”[2]

Further research determined that behind the “measles paradox” is a fraction of the population called LOW VACCINE RESPONDERS. Low-responders are those who respond poorly to the first dose of the measles vaccine. These individuals then mount a weak immune response to subsequent RE-vaccination and quickly return to the pool of “susceptibles’’ within 2-5 years, despite being fully vaccinated.[3]

Re-vaccination cannot correct low-responsiveness: it appears to be an immuno-genetic trait.[4] The proportion of low-responders among children was estimated to be 4.7% in the USA.[5]

Studies of measles outbreaks in Quebec, Canada, and China attest that outbreaks of measles still happen, even when vaccination compliance is in the highest bracket (95-97% or even 99%, see appendix for scientific studies, Items #6&7). This is because even in high vaccine responders, vaccine-induced antibodies wane over time. Vaccine immunity does not equal life-long immunity acquired after natural exposure.


It has been documented that vaccinated persons who develop breakthrough measles are contagious. In fact, two major measles outbreaks in 2011 (in Quebec, Canada, and in New York, NY) were re-imported by previously vaccinated individuals.[6] – [7]

Taken together, these data make it apparent that elimination of vaccine exemptions, currently only utilized by a small percentage of families anyway, will neither solve the problem of disease resurgence nor prevent re-importation and outbreaks of previously eliminated diseases.

Is discrimination against conscientious vaccine objectors the only practical solution?

The majority of measles cases in recent US outbreaks (including the recent Disneyland outbreak) are adults and very young babies, whereas in the pre-vaccination era, measles occurred mainly between the ages 1 and 15. Natural exposure to measles was followed by lifelong immunity from re-infection, whereas vaccine immunity wanes over time, leaving adults unprotected by their childhood shots. Measles is more dangerous for infants and for adults than for school-aged children.

Despite high chances of exposure in the pre-vaccination era, measles practically never happened in babies much younger than one year of age due to the robust maternal immunity transfer mechanism. The vulnerability of very young babies to measles today is the direct outcome of the prolonged mass vaccination campaign of the past, during which their mothers, themselves vaccinated in their childhood, were not able to experience measles naturally at a safe school age and establish the lifelong immunity that would also be transferred to their babies and protect them from measles for the first year of life.

Luckily, a therapeutic backup exists to mimic now-eroded maternal immunity. Infants as well as other vulnerable or immunocompromised individuals, are eligible to receive immunoglobulin, a potentially life-saving measure that supplies antibodies directed against the virus to prevent or ameliorate disease upon exposure (see appendix, Item #8).

In summary: 1) due to the properties of modern vaccines, non-vaccinated individuals pose no greater risk of transmission of polio, diphtheria, pertussis, and numerous non-type b H. influenzae strains than vaccinated individuals do, non-vaccinated individuals pose virtually no danger of transmission of hepatitis B in a school setting, and tetanus is not transmissible at all; 2) there is a significantly elevated risk of emergency room visits after childhood vaccination appointments attesting that vaccination is not risk-free; 3) outbreaks of measles cannot be entirely prevented even if we had nearly perfect vaccination compliance; and 4) an effective method of preventing measles and other viral diseases in vaccine-ineligible infants and the immunocompromised, immunoglobulin, is available for those who may be exposed to these diseases.

Taken together, these four facts make it clear that discrimination in a public school setting against children who are not vaccinated for reasons of conscience is completely unwarranted as the vaccine status of conscientious objectors poses no undue public health risk.

Sincerely Yours,

~ Tetyana Obukhanych, PhD

Tetyana Obukhanych, PhD, is the author of the book Vaccine Illusion. She has studied immunology in some of the world’s most prestigious medical institutions. She earned her PhD in Immunology at the Rockefeller University in New York and did postdoctoral training at Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA and Stanford University in California.

Dr. Obukhanych offers online classes for those who want to gain deeper understanding of how the immune system works and whether the immunologic benefits of vaccines are worth the risks: Natural Immunity Fundamentals.

 

 

Appendix

Item #1. The Cuba IPV Study collaborative group. (2007) Randomized controlled trial of inactivated poliovirus vaccine in Cuba. N Engl J Med 356:1536-44

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17429085

The table below from the Cuban IPV study documents that 91% of children receiving no IPV (control group B) were colonized with live attenuated poliovirus upon deliberate experimental inoculation. Children who were vaccinated with IPV (groups A and C) were similarly colonized at the rate of 94-97%. High counts of live virus were recovered from the stool of children in all groups. These results make it clear that IPV cannot be relied upon for the control of polioviruses.

polio chart

Item #2. Warfel et al. (2014) Acellular pertussis vaccines protect against disease but fail to prevent infection and transmission in a nonhuman primate model.Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 111:787-92

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24277828

“Baboons vaccinated with aP were protected from severe pertussis-associated symptoms but not from colonization, did not clear the infection faster than naïve [unvaccinated] animals, and readily transmitted B. pertussis to unvaccinated contacts. By comparison, previously infected [naturally-immune] animals were not colonized upon secondary infection.”

Item #3. Meeting of the Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Tom Harkins Global Communication Center, Atlanta, Georgia, December 11-12, 2013

http://www.cdc.gov/maso/facm/pdfs/BSCOID/2013121112_BSCOID_Minutes.pdf

Resurgence of Pertussis (p.6)

“Findings indicated that 85% of the isolates [from six Enhanced Pertussis Surveillance Sites and from epidemics in Washington and Vermont in 2012] were PRN-deficient and vaccinated patients had significantly higher odds than unvaccinated patients of being infected with PRN-deficient strains. Moreover, when patients with up-to-date DTaP vaccinations were compared to unvaccinated patients, the odds of being infected with PRN-deficient strains increased, suggesting that PRN-bacteria may have a selective advantage in infecting DTaP-vaccinated persons.”

Item #4. Rubach et al. (2011) Increasing incidence of invasive Haemophilus influenzae disease in adults, Utah, USA. Emerg Infect Dis 17:1645-50

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21888789

The chart below from Rubach et al. shows the number of invasive cases of H. influenzae(all types) in Utah in the decade of childhood vaccination for Hib.

Hib chart

Item #5. Wilson et al. (2011) Adverse events following 12 and 18 month vaccinations: a population-based, self-controlled case series analysis. PLoS One 6:e27897

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22174753

“Four to 12 days post 12 month vaccination, children had a 1.33 (1.29-1.38) increased relative incidence of the combined endpoint compared to the control period, or at least one event during the risk interval for every 168 children vaccinated. Ten to 12 days post 18 month vaccination, the relative incidence was 1.25 (95%, 1.17-1.33) which represented at least one excess event for every 730 children vaccinated. The primary reason for increased events was statistically significant elevations in emergency room visits following all vaccinations.”

Item #6. De Serres et al. (2013) Largest measles epidemic in North America in a decade–Quebec, Canada, 2011: contribution of susceptibility, serendipity, and superspreading events. J Infect Dis 207:990-98

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23264672

“The largest measles epidemic in North America in the last decade occurred in 2011 in Quebec, Canada.”

“A super-spreading event triggered by 1 importation resulted in sustained transmission and 678 cases.”

“The index case patient was a 30-39-year old adult, after returning to Canada from the Caribbean. The index case patient received measles vaccine in childhood.”

“Provincial [Quebec] vaccine coverage surveys conducted in 2006, 2008, and 2010 consistently showed that by 24 months of age, approximately 96% of children had received 1 dose and approximately 85% had received 2 doses of measles vaccine, increasing to 97% and 90%, respectively, by 28 months of age. With additional first and second doses administered between 28 and 59 months of age, population measles vaccine coverage is even higher by school entry.”

“Among adolescents, 22% [of measles cases] had received 2 vaccine doses. Outbreak investigation showed this proportion to have been an underestimate; active case finding identified 130% more cases among 2-dose recipients.”

Item #7. Wang et al. (2014) Difficulties in eliminating measles and controlling rubella and mumps: a cross-sectional study of a first measles and rubella vaccination and a second measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination. PLoS One9:e89361

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24586717

“The reported coverage of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine is greater than 99.0% in Zhejiang province. However, the incidence of measles, mumps, and rubella remains high.”

Item #8. Immunoglobulin Handbook, Health Protection Agency

http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20140714084352/http://www.hpa.org.uk/webc/HPAwebFile/HPAweb_C/1242198450982

HUMAN NORMAL IMMUNOGLOBULIN (HNIG):

Indications

To prevent or attenuate an attack in immuno-compromised contacts

To prevent or attenuate an attack in pregnant women

To prevent or attenuate an attack in infants under the age of 9 months

[1] http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm376937.htm

[2] http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=619215

[3] Poland (1998) Am J Hum Genet 62:215-220

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9463343

“ ‘poor responders,’ who were re-immunized and developed poor or low-level antibody responses only to lose detectable antibody and develop measles on exposure 2–5 years later.”

[4] ibid

“Our ongoing studies suggest that seronegativity after vaccination [for measles] clusters among related family members, that genetic polymorphisms within the HLA [genes] significantly influence antibody levels.”

[5] LeBaron et al. (2007) Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:294-301

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17339511

“Titers fell significantly over time [after second MMR] for the study population overall and, by the final collection, 4.7% of children were potentially susceptible.”

[6] De Serres et al. (2013) J Infect Dis 207:990-998

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23264672

“The index case patient received measles vaccine in childhood.”

[7] Rosen et al. (2014) Clin Infect Dis 58:1205-1210

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24585562

“The index patient had 2 doses of measles-containing vaccine.”

 

Source: Aletho News


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Mai 31

Kritiker der AI wie u.a. Weizenbaum glauben in absehbarer Zeit nicht an die Machbarkeit der AI. Mit ELIZA hat er bewiesen, wie schnell die Leute Computer für intelligent halten.  Die Komplexität des menschlichen Gehirns sowie die äusserst hohe Differenzierbarkeit von Intelligenz machen es den heutigen Computern schwer.

Menschliche Intelligenz beinhaltet neben der ungeheuren Vernetzung  der menschlichen Neuronen und des Lerneffektes, der immer mehr Verknüpfungen entstehen lässt auch Bereiche, die nur schwer von heutiger Hard- und Software bzw. künstlichen neuronalen Netzen abzubilden sind: Emotionale Intelligenz  und der Ursprung der Emotionen überhaupt und ihre Bedeutung für die Intelligenzkomponente, Bereiche der Kognition und Vorstellungskraft und des „Begreifens“ in verschiedenen Kontexten, Intuition, laterales Denken, psychologische Effekte  oder Sinneswahrnehmung.

Schach-KI mit Rybka auf Fritz 7

Computerschach mit Rybka auf Fritz 7: Künstliche Intelligenz durch Schachalgorithmen?

Zum Verständnis von KI muss die Frage nach dem Ursprung einer Intelligenz geklärt sein, denn Intelligenz ist nicht auf Analytics beschränkt: Was ist der Unterschied zwischen einem komplizierten und einem komplexen System? KI auf Neogrid. Weitere Ausführungen zum Thema hier.

Weiterhin bleibt die Sinnfrage der Intelligenz: Menschen müssen überleben, atmen, Nahrung aufnehmen, sich fortpflanzen oder benötigen Land, Unterkunft oder Bildung. Aus diesem Grund ist die menschliche  Intelligenz meist zielgerichtet, mit allen Vor- und Nachteilen. Warum sollte ein Computer intelligent sein, wenn der Mensch ihm nicht menschliche Motive wie zielgerichtetes Handeln beibringt?

Ein Computer kann nicht sterben und hat keine echten  Grundbedürfnisse und (auch deswegen) keine Emotionen. Solange das der Fall ist wird er wenig Eigenbestrebung haben dazuzulernen oder etwas Neues zu entwickeln, es sei denn, man bringt es ihm bei.


Ein weiteres Problem ist die Verknüpfung  der Informatik und der Künstlichen Intelligenz mit dem militärisch-industriellen Komplex vor allem in den USA. Die menschliche Intelligenz ist zielgerichtet und pervertiert gerne den „Sinn“ der Intelligenz.

Die Chance, die KI als Gegengewicht zu diesen Entwicklungen  heranzuziehen, um logischere Vorgehensweisen vorzuschlagen wurde wegen der Machtbestrebungen im Bereich Politik und Militär sowie Wirtschaft und Forschung zu wenig genutzt. Der KI-Pionier Joseph Weizenbaum merkte an, dass in einer vernünftigen Welt  die Computer etwas langsamer wären, jedoch sinnvoller eingesetzt würden: für friedliche Zwecke und zum Wohle eines Jeden.

Hinzu kommt, dass der Mensch in der Lage ist, holistische und ganzheitliche Denkansätze zu verfolgen. Vorreiter auf diesem Gebiet ist Fritjof Capra (z.B. Das Tao und die Physik). Computer verfolgen, wie Ansätze der nach westlicher Denkweise orientiereten Welt überhaupt, im wesentlichen analytische Denkmodelle und setzen also hauptsächlich auf das „Ying“ und vernachlässigen das „Yang“.

Die Zusammenarbeit mehrerer Areale im menschlichen Grosshirn und die Verbindung der linken und rechten Gehirnhälfte bergen grosses Potential. Auf dieses Potential können Computer noch nicht zugreifen, es fehlt ihnen sozusagen die rechte Gehirnhälfte für Emotionen, Begreifen ganzheitlicher Ansätze, Musik und Intuition usw. Erst wenn es gelingt, ähnliche komplexe neuronale Strukturen in einer digitalen Abbildung oder einem genetischen Code künstlich zu erzeugen, werden wesentliche Fortschritte in dieser Disziplin zu erwarten sein.

Alan Turing hatte es, um dieses Thema in eine andere Perspektive zu setzen, sehr treffend formuliert: „Es ist nicht die Frage, ob Computer denken können, sondern ob es Menschen können!“

Weiterführende Thematik: Quantencomputer

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